About presbyopia

By Leo Angart

Presbyopia, the need for reading glasses afflict a lot of people when they reach their mid 40’s. First you notice that you have difficulty reading in low light, such as menu cards in dimly lid restaurants, and than you begin to have trouble reading small print. You may also find that you need to hold the text further and further away until your arms are not long enough for you to read. You may try squinting, but that does not help much. 

Unfortunately optometrists will often assume that you need reading glasses when you reach your mid 40’s. I know of many cases where there was no apparent test made just the recommendation that you consider by-focal glasses. This automatic assumption that you loose your ability to see near objects when you reach your mid 40’s, is an unfortunate mass-belief that all too many people are buying into. 

The decline in eyesight is so linear that tables has been made correlating vision with a person’s age. At age 10 you have about 20 diopters focusing ability. You are expected to have lost half of your original accommodative power at age 30 and at 40 about two thirds is gone. Less than 5 diopters focusing ability is considered to be Presbyopia. At age sixty your focusing powers are supposed to be practically non-existent. Eye-care professionals consider Presbyopia to be present is virtually 100% of people over 50. Fortunately this does not actually reflect reality.

There are two main theories attempting to explain Presbyopia. The influential German scientist Helmholtz (1866) suggested that Presbyopia was caused by a hardening of the lens and Dutch Ophthalmologist Donders (1864), attributed Presbyopia to a weakening of the ciliary muscle fibers in which the lens is suspended. During the last 150 plus years there has not been a lot of progress since this is also the explanation most eye-care professionals will offer today.

However not everyone agrees. Researchers Saladin and Stark (1975) published a paper where they investigated the strength of the ciliary muscle. They discovered that the ciliary muscle actually continued to contract after accommodation was achieved, suggesting that the muscle had additional strength and could be contracted even further. According to Tamm et al., (1992) estimated that the ciliary muscle force should not be zero until 120 years of age.

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How effective is vision training?

By Leo Angart

The Vision Training approach assume that presbyopia is due to loss of muscle tone. When you were 18 years old you could go out dancing all night and was not affected by this the next day. Try this at age 40 and you will realize that your body have lost some of the flexibility you took for granted at age 18. This decrease of flexibility also affect the eye muscles.

Vision Training exercises for presbyopia involve training of the eye-muscles as well as sharpening the mind-body connection. Presbyopia respond very quickly to Vision Training. Especially if exercises are started at the onset of diagnosis. Indeed, most people can avoid reading glasses if they start the exercises when they realize that they are holding their reading material at arms length.


This is what one particioant wrote.


I USED to wear eyeglasses from the time I wake up till the moment before I sleep. I am informed by my ophthalmologist that I have myopia and need +275/+225 grade lenses for my “old” eyes. In July 2000 she prescribed reading lenses, which I obediently and expediently purchases (expensive). At age 47, she says I am lucky to stronger-than-normal eyes. Age 40 would have been the ripe period for the occurrence of “presbyopia” – that’s when one starts to adjust the distance when reading that comes with difficulty in focusing and need for squinting. I also would not drive without my glasses on. It was then an already long accepted “Facial Innovative Technological Enhancement” procedure for me to be using graded lenses almost the entire day. I was also diagnosed to have astigmatism. It has then become difficult for me to drive at night without wearing my contact lenses and my reading glasses together as I needed the contacts to see far, and the reading lenses to read the speedometer.

One night, I forgot to wear my contacts – I had to wear my reading glasses over my regular eyeglasses for driving. Funny as it was, I still felt ridiculous – and more so not being paid for the comic bit! Watching TV likewise became strenuous from a normal distance without my glasses on.

All this was the “bleak” eye scenario for me before August 2000.

It was on this same month that I took this “See Without Glasses” seminar, which prescribed exercises to correct eye problems. Beginning August 26 until late November of the same year, I would do the Palming, the Tibetan wheel and “Sunning” exercises for at least three times each day. Although the first two exercises would cause perspiration over my eye sockets, arms and elbows (even while doing this in an air-conditioned room). I would feel very relaxed and a bit energized after each 20-minute cycle.

Since then I have not put on my contact lenses at all and have never found any need for my reading glasses except when driving st night for long distances. Even I have stopped doing the exercises since November. Night city driving no longer requires any of my glasses. The more significant development is I no longer have any use for my reading glasses. For such a useless expense I have used them only twice since buying them. My ophthalmologist describes this as improved “accommodation” in my eyes.

These days, I would only put on my glasses watching TV basketball only to read the tiny scorecard at the corner of the screen. Otherwise, I find no other good reason to still be using these spectacles at all. My vision has improved to a considerably comfortable level.

I am not one who is fond of taking seminars but I would choose always to take time to learn solutions that are “natural – organic” if you will. The exercises given are simple and convenient and doable anytime anywhere. 

The philosophy is commonsentical. Of course, for anything the be successful, self discipline and determination remain two ingredients self-imposed and hardly ever taught.

Leo Angart and Dyords Javier at a later workshop.

I share all these as I believe everyone was born to have the natural gift of a clear eyesight. Great technological advances have not only causes the destruction and deterioration of natural capabilities within and around us, it has now purposefully overlooked age old imperatives to harness our most natural inner strengths and qualities. Sometimes, much to the detriment on an entire planet, mkost of the time the cunning annihilation of a simple concept. Eye deterioration is one aspect of our lives fuelled by this irresponsible proliferation of new millennium medical manipulation. It may be a good time to look closer into our eyes and rediscover what we have available within to keep them from further evolving into oblivious uselessness and “dysfunction.” Or just simply to keep them well or as good as they were when given the first time. For at the end of the day, it is inner-strength which pulls through and redefines betterment – if not for the quality of our lives, perhaps even just for the quality of our eyes.

Philippine Daily Inquirer, Saturday, July 14, 2001 by Dyords Javier

Post script:

Dyords keept talking to his ophthalmologist about Vision Training. She did not believe what he was saying. So he invited her to come to Leo’s workshop and see for herself. Dr Carmela Isabella did indeed come to the workshop and found it very interesting.

What people say ...

  • "My son has been using Leo’s exercises for the past couple of years and has, by doing so, gone from a point where we were practically accused of child abuse by his school nurse for ignoring his deteriorating eyesight and not getting him glasses, to the point now where he is learning to drive glasses free, which thoroughly vindicates our belief in Leo’s methods.

    This is powerful stuff which should be taught in schools – rather than carting kids off to the opticians to condemn them to a life behind glasses. I urge everyone who wants to solve their eyesight problems to try Leo’s methods. Attending his workshop is by far the best way of doing this but, If this isn’t possible, Leo has written 3 books covering his methods"


  • 親愛的 Leo,親愛的司徒女士:



    7月14日第一次到工作坊時,子敬有 300 度的近視,眼睛疲勞沒有神采,我們用 Leo 教授的繩索練習法和會聚力練習法回家積極練習,到7月15日的傍晚,子敬的近視已經降到 100 度以下了!簡直不可思議!7月16日第二次到工作坊時,看著 Leo 用視力表來訓練餘下的 100 度近視和用那有趣的小丑圖來治療省光,我已經由當初的半信半疑變到信心滿滿加上感激不已!






    SUE, Mother
    Hong Kong
  • Hi LEO

    Thank you very much for solving my problem I can read and i like read- ing too.

    I read COOL it is a book by Michael Morpurgo it is about a kid who gets knocked over by a car and is in a coma and his dog get him back .

    But just so you know i did not do the X’s 50 times, but it still worked it is like magic thank you.

    I’ve told my friend Celeste to do it because she has dyslexia.


    ROCKY (10 years old).
    London, U.K.
  • "My daughter Rebecca was diagnosed with strabismus, astigmatism, and long-sightedness at the age of 18 months.  She was wearing glasses all day, every day from the age of 21 months. We had many stressful years of patching, drops, and exhaustingly long visits to the opthamologist, only to have her scripts get stronger over time.  Rebecca could not be without her glasses, and as soon as she took them off, her left eye would turn harshly in.

    As she grew older, Rebecca began to become more and more self conscious and felt that she stood out because of her glasses.  She is passionate about her dancing, and has been performing since the age of 3.  However, at the time of each concert she would express concern that she was the only one wearing glasses, and that you could not see her beautiful make-up properly!  Yet she could not take them off as her eye would very clearly turn. 

    We discussed her concerns often, and she even tried contact lenses at the age of 8, however she resigned herself to the fact that she would always have her glasses.  Her optometrist kept her hopes up by explaining that there was much research being done, and that operations were always improving.  Her father and I were not comfortable with the thought of her eyes being operated on, and we explained that when she was older, the decision would be hers to make.

    One night Rebecca saw an ad for a current affairs show which was airing a segment about getting rid of your glasses.  She excitedly told me about it, and we made a point of watching it.  Following the show, I made contact and booked Rebecca in for a children's workshop with Leo.

    After many months of eager anticipation, Rebecca and I attended Leo's Magic Eyes workshop.  Leo was able to quickly assess which exercises would be most important for each child in attendance, and we set to work! 

    The results of these simple exercises were almost immediate.  Rebecca was so keen she was trying them in the car on the way home!  After only the first session, for the first time in over seven years, Rebecca could take her glasses off and her eye would not turn! 

    This was a very emotional  time for all of us, and we cannot thank Leo enough for his help.  We have now been working on the exercises for a few weeks, and not only is Rebecca's turn rarely evident, her near points and far points have improved for each eye, and she has gone from wearing +4.5 lenses to +3 lenses.  We still have a ways to go, but we are very determined!

    Leo's knowledge is invaluable, and we only wish we had come across the techniques years ago.  Our great dream for others is that Leo's strategies become the first point of call for children experiencing difficulties with their eyes. 

    All we can say is THANK YOU, THANK YOU, THANK YOU! 

    P.S. - Rebecca is keenly passing on information about the next workshops to others with glasses, even her teacher at school! 




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